Web Developer Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers
Obtaining a job as a web developer is a demanding victory. Whether you’re glancing for a tech career in the IT industry or have a friend who does, tech interviews can be intimidating. And there are a few things to keep in mind for you to become more prepared for these interviews. Our Nschool Academy’s team has gathered 25+ Web Development entry-level interview questions for freshers. This article contains a collection of questions hand-picked from those most likely to be asked during an interview.
1. What is meant by a responsible Web Designer?
Ans: A Web Designer’s primary task is to ensure that the website they are designing is appealing to the target audience and gets their attention. Web designers create, design, and develop websites and web pages, including text, audio, images, graphics, and video clips. A web designer is in charge of designing and layout a website or online page, which might imply creating a fresh new website or modifying an existing one.
2. Difference between a Web Designer & Web Developer?
Ans: The line between web designer jobs and web developer employment has become increasingly blurred as responsibilities have changed. More and more Web Designers are required to grasp programming languages and coding to execute specific design components, which means their responsibilities overlap with those of a Web Developer. The same can be stated for the opposite – web developers are now required to participate in the front-end design of a website and consider user experience, among other things.
3. What are the primary language or platforms used for web design?
Ans: The primary language used for web designing are
- HTML: Base template
- CSS: Styling
- PHP: Server-side scripts
4. What do you suggest by Responsive design on a web page?
Ans: Responsive design is designing websites to deliver the best viewing and interaction experience possible. It prioritizes site navigation with minimal scrolling, panning, and resizing across all devices. Bootstrap is the most widely used CSS, HTML, and JS framework for creating responsive web design.
5. Difference between “visibility: hidden” and “display: none”?
Ans: They are both aesthetic characteristics.
Visibility:hidden: Although this attribute conceals the element, it still occupies space in the layout.
Display:none: It removes the element entirely from the document. Although the HTML for it is still in the source code, it takes up no space.
6. What is the Grid system?
Ans: A grid system is a framework made up of horizontal and vertical lines that cross and are used to organize material. It is a method of creating a framework in which designers may manipulate the structure and show content. Web design beginners must utilize pre-made frameworks for web design because they are reasonably straightforward.
7. What is HTML?
Ans: HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language and is used to create web pages and online applications. Allow’s describe Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and a Web page.
HyperText is an abbreviation for “Text inside Text.” A hypertext is a text that has a link. You have used hypertext when you click on a link that takes you to a new webpage. HyperText is a process for connecting two or more web pages (HTML documents).
Language of markup: A markup language is a computer language applying layout and formatting principles to text documents. Markup language improves the interactive and dynamic spirit of the text. It can transform the text into graphics, tables, links, Etc.
8. What do you know about CSS?
Ans: CSS is an abbreviation for Cascading Style Sheet. It controls font size, style, and colour combinations on web pages, and the designers used CSS to improve the appearance of a simple web page. A single modification in the CSS file can alter the whole layout of the website.
9. What is Semantic HTML?
Ans: Semantic HTML represents a web page’s meaning rather than its simple display. It is a coding technique in which the tags represent the meaning of the text. In semantic HTML, the p> element denotes a paragraph. Other semantic tags include <section>,<artical>,<nav>, <header>,<footer>.
10. Describe the many forms of joins in MySQL.
Ans: There are four joins: inner, left, right, and full outer. An inner join returns records with a matched value in both tables. All logs from the left table and matching records from the right table are produced by a left join. All catalogues from the right table and checking records from the left table are returned by a right join. A full outer join returns all documents when there is a match in either the left or right table.
11. List the media elements in HTML5.
Ans: <audio>, <video>, <embed>, <source>, and <track> are the media components.
The <audio> tag denotes audio material.
<video> indicates video or movie material.
<embed> is a container for a third-party program.
<source> refers to several media resources for media components.
<tracks> denotes a text track for media components.
12. Explain the term DOCTYPE.
Ans: The word DOCTYPE indicates the kind of HTML designers must use. Browsers use the DOCTYPE keyword to show how a web page should be presented. DOCTYPE is defined first. If you don’t use DOCTYPE, the browser will load the page in the wrong mode.
13. What’s the distinction between HTML elements and tags?
Ans: The distinction between HTML elements and tags is that HTML elements interact with the website on how to present the information. Elements are denoted by <>, and these comprise the HTML tags. HTML tags are typically used in pairs to enclose content.
14. What is the difference between a session and a cookie?
Ans: The session and the cookie store data and contain helpful information. Session data is kept on the server, whereas cookies are stored on the client. Cookies store limited intake, whereas sessions have no such limitations.
15. What are the various types of websites?
Ans: Websites are classified into two types: static and dynamic. Static websites are layouts that use HTML, CSS, and JS but do not retrieve data from the database. In contrast, dynamic websites retrieve values and data from the database.
16. What is a prompt box?
Ans: The Prompt technique displays a dialogue box requesting visitors’ feedback. It is frequently used when you want the user to enter some content before proceeding to the page. After inputting an input value, the user must select between two buttons, OK and Cancel, to proceed.
17. Explain the use of Canvas in HTML.
18. What are the new APIs provided by HTML5?
Ans: The new APIs are –
- Media API
- Text Track API
- User interaction API
- Command API
- Constraint validation API
- Application cache API
- Data transfer API
Ans: Though they are both comparison operators, the ‘==’ operator tests the value, whereas the ‘===’ operator checks both the value and the type. The ‘===’ operator checks for strict equality but does not conduct type conversion. The ‘===’ operator will return false if the two values are not of the same type.
20. What indicates HTML & XHTML?
Ans: HTML and XHTML are both used to create web pages. However, HTML is an extension of SGML tagging, whereas XHTML is an Extensible Markup Language application (XML).
HTML comprises three parts:
- An element tag pair (start and end tag)
- Element attributes within the tag
- Content in the format of text and images
On the other hand, XHTML has a single root element that includes lowercase features, and the value assigned must be closed, nested, and enclosed by quotation marks. Looking at the differences, XHTML is more expressive than HTML.
21. What are your views on HTTP/3?
Ans: HTTP/3 is a new third-generation HTTP protocol released in late 2019. It is well-known for its new standards and fast, dependable, and secure connection. HTTP/3, which employs QUIC, offers a quicker web experience. This new internet transport protocol makes first-class citizens available. Google and Facebook are utilizing QUIC due to their rapid potential to speed up the web.
22. What will you do if an image or a hyperlink does not appear correctly?
Ans: Images often need to be correctly displayed on the website, which harms SEO and, if repeated, breaks overall results. As a result, I constantly check for stuff like missing href and alt tags.
Ans: Type coercion is the translation of a value from one type to another with equivalent content (e.g., Number to String, String to Number, or Boolean to Number). Suppose the implicit conversion’s behaviour is unknown. In that case, the Web Designer can use the constructors of a data type to convert any value to that data.
24. What stands for an ETag, and how does it function?
Ans: An entity tag, often an ETag, is an HTTP heading used for web store validation and conditional recommendations for resources from browsers. A web server assigns it to a specific version of a resource retrieved at a URL, and when the server reads the ETag from the customer request, it may choose whether to transfer the file or instruct the client to use their local copy instead.
25. What is the difference between responsive and adaptable design?
Ans: The responsive design adheres to the flexibility idea. It adjusts to the size of the screen and provides the best viewing experience for a website regardless of the device used to view it. Responsive websites use CSS media queries and flexible grids to adjust styles based on device parameters such as display type, width, and height.
Adaptive design uses static designs rather than adaptable layouts. Its architecture is built on breakpoints that do not respond once loaded. It identifies the device’s kind and other attributes. Then it delivers the functionality and form depending on a specified set of parameters. Both responsive and adaptable designs maximize the user experience across several target devices, and both compensate for various viewport widths, resolutions, and control techniques.
26. Describe the functional and non-functional needs.
Ans: Functional requirements establish the system’s specific functionality and specify what it must or must not perform.
Non-functional requirements, on the other hand, specify how the system should perform its functions. It describes the accessibility, dependability, capacity, usefulness, maintainability, and security of a system. Non-functional requirements define system behaviour, features, and general characteristics that impact the user experience.
Non-functional criteria do not affect the system’s essential functioning. Even if the non-functional requirements are not satisfied, the system will continue to work.
27. What is the purpose of media queries in CSS3?
Ans: In CSS, media queries are used to specify styles. They let you format documents to display appropriately on various output devices like PCs, cellphones, and tablets.
Media queries serve the following purposes:
- Orientation: Landscape or Portrait
- Hide Elements
- Adjust Height and Width
- Adjust Resolution
- Change Font Size
1. Single-line comments:
// Example of a single-line comment
2. Multi-line comments:
/* Example of a
29. What is W3C, and why is it Essential?
Ans: W3C is an abbreviation for World Wide Consortium. It is a worldwide community dedicated to developing, improving, and standardizing the web. W3C comprises multiple member organizations from various IT-related businesses that produce standards for the World Wide Web (WWW). The World Wide Web Consortium aims to guide the World Wide Web to its most significant potential and assure its long-term growth.
The preceding web developer interview questions will help you understand the questions you may expect in web development interviews. You should take an online web development course if you require expert-level abilities to pass any firm’s technical phase of discussions. Nschool Academy offers a perfect web development course with live time projects in Coimbatore to help you enhance your web development expertise and increase your chances of finding a job.