PHP vs. Python: Features & Comparison in 2023
Choosing the right programming language is crucial for every development project. Python and PHP are two famous programming languages that most businesses use for web development projects. When these two are compared, it can be challenging to choose between them. Although PHP is used to build many websites, Python has increased in prominence in recent years. But which programming language is ideal for your web app, Python or PHP? This blog post will go through the basics of the two languages before comparing them.
The Differences Between PHP and Python
Let’s begin with the fundamentals of each language. PHP, a computer language, was first created by Rasmus Lerdorf in 1994. PHP is a general-purpose programming language that is frequently used in web development. The name “Personal Home Page” was first used in the language. It was later recursively abbreviated as “PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor.” Despite some criticism of its architecture, PHP has developed to become one of the most popular web development tool
Python is a multi-purpose, high-level programming language. It stood designed by Guido van Rossum and was first released in 1991. Python has developed into one of the most popular programming languages, with many well-known computing figures using it. Python frameworks such as Django, Flask, and Web2Py can be used for web development.
Programming Languages for Backend Development
Before delving into the intricacies of PHP versus Python, consider programming languages in general. We’ll compare many languages for backend development, including Python and PHP. Choosing which backend framework to learn is always challenging for new developers. With so many new programming languages offering many possibilities, libraries, and frameworks, how does one pick which web framework to learn? The many programming languages used for backend development are summarised here.
- Python is a popular backend programming language. It is quite new and has a sizable library support base.
- PHP: PHP has been around for a long time and is still widely used. For example, Facebook’s powerful backend was first developed in PHP.
- Ruby on Rails is another well-known web development platform that many startups employ. NET: Microsoft’s. NET Framework was formerly proprietary, but the company has lately begun to open-source it. It is widely used in enterprises because of Microsoft’s support.
What is Python
Python is a high-level programming language with syntax close to English. Python may be used for web development with popular frameworks like Django, Flask, and Web2Py. Analysts and data scientists rely heavily on it to perform statistics and machine learning tasks. Python Training Course in Coimbatore at Nschool Academy is a focused course for keen Python learners. The professional teachers at Nschool Academy will teach you this multi-dynamic programming language through real-world applications and projects.
Advantages of Python
Simple to Use and Understand: Python is simple to learn and use for beginners. It is a mature programming language with an English-like syntax. Because of these characteristics, the language is simple to understand. Because of their simplicity, Python’s fundamentals can be implemented faster than other programming languages.
Productivity has Increased: Users may create new sorts of apps using the Python programming language. This language’s versatility allows the operator to try out new ideas. Because of the wording, the user is still trying to try something new. Python is favored in some situations because other programming languages do not provide the flexibility and freedom that Python does.
Interpreted Language: The code is run line by line because it is interpreted. It is one of the factors that contribute to its usability. When an error occurs, the procedure is halted, and the problem is reported. Even if the program has several errors, Python only displays one. It makes debugging easier.
Extensive library: Python has many libraries that users may utilize. Python’s standard library is enormous, including practically every function imaginable. Large and supportive communities, as well as corporate assistance, have all played a role. Users do not need to utilize any additional libraries when working with Python.
Applications of Python
Web development: Python provides several frameworks that improve web development by providing security, scalability, and reusable components.
Embedded applications: Python’s computational flexibility makes it ideal for embedded applications. A well-known example is the Raspberry Pi.
Desktop GUI: We may construct Python desktop applications using the Tkinter framework and extra widgets such as PYQT and Kivy.
Data science: Python’s rich libraries, such as numpy, pandas, scipy, sci-kit-learn, seaborn, and many more, have made data analysis, web scraping, visualization, machine learning, and artificial intelligence work much simpler.
What is PHP
The term PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor. It is a server scripting language. It is used in the development of a dynamic website or online application. PHP is easily integrated with all major web servers and operating systems. PHP is a popular, low-cost, and efficient alternative to competitors such as Microsoft’s ASP, and non-technical users may learn a few simple tactics to make their websites easier to manage and more valuable. PHP Training Course in Coimbatore from Nschool Academy teaches you how to utilize this platform-independent language to develop sophisticated static and dynamic websites.
Advantages of PHP
Free to use: Scripting languages are classified into two types: open source and closed source. Open-source languages are free to use, but closed-source languages are not. PHP is one of the most widely used free server-side programming languages. Using frameworks, syntax, libraries, databases, and all of their features is free.
Scalable: If you’re working on a large-scale project and need a scripting language to help you finish it quickly, this is the language for you. PHP was used to build sites like Facebook, WordPress, Tumblr, Yahoo, MailChimp, iStockPhoto, and others. Visitors to your website will not have to wait long because one of the key benefits of PHP is that it loads swiftly.
Community support: The PHP community’s consistent support is one of the considerably important advantages of using PHP in web development. If you get stuck in action, you may seek help from the community and get replies from software developers worldwide. One of the most active web development communities is the PHP Community.
Lightning speed: While we’re stacking up the “pros and drawbacks of PHP” columns, let’s talk about one of PHP’s main advantages: its lightning speed. Many experts believe that this programming language is nearly three times quicker than Python and that the newer versions (#7 and higher) are even faster than prior ones. According to Benchmarks Game statistics, a PHP web page takes around 17.81 seconds to load.
Applications of PHP
Web Applications: Python may be used to create web apps. It contains libraries for internet protocols like HTML and XML, JSON, Email processing, request, beautiful soup, feed parser, and others. Instagram makes use of the Django Python web framework. Python offers a plethora of useful frameworks, which are listed below:
- Django with the Pyramid framework (Used for heavy applications)
- flask and bottle (Micro-framework)
- Plone and Django CMS (Advance Content management)
Desktop GUI Applications: Desktop graphical user interface software the GUI, which stands for Graphical User Interface, enables simple interaction with any software. Tk GUI is a Python package for developing user interfaces. The following are some well-known GUI libraries. Tkinter Kivy or Tk widget (used for writing multitouch applications )Pyside vs. PyQt
Scientific and Numeric: This is the age of artificial intelligence when robots can do jobs the same way as people do. Python is the most appropriate programming language for artificial intelligence and machine learning. It consists of numerous scientific and mathematical libraries that simplify complicated computations.
The key difference of PHP and Python
- Python is a high-level object-oriented programming language for rapid application development, whereas PHP is a hypertext preprocessor for creating a dynamic website or web application.
- Although Python is widely used in artificial intelligence, data science, and the scientific community, PHP remains the language of choice for web development.
- Python has a limited amount of frameworks, but PHP has several.
- Regarding web development, Python has a very clear and concise code syntax, but PHP has a wide range of naming conventions and syntax.
|Ease of Learning||It is easy to learn. Python is a popular programming language for beginning programmers.||Although it is not intended to be a general-purpose language, it is easy to learn.|
|Library Support||The library support for almost all types of applications is exceptionally well-developed.||Packagist stands out among the numerous fewer libraries.|
|Database Connectivity||The database integration is weaker than it is in PHP.||There is access to approximately 20 different databases.|
|Speed||It may be slow, depending on the program.||Quicker than average|
|Frameworks||Programming languages include Django, Flask, Pylons, and Pyramid.||Frameworks include Codeigniter, Zend, Laravel, and Symfony.|
|Debugging||Python Debugger (PDB)||XDebug is a debugging tool.|
The following compares the two most popular programming languages, PHP and Python. We saw a little code example demonstrating that Python has ready-to-use methods for even the most basic tasks. PHP may also be quickly embedded into an HTML document. Python is easier to learn and use in libraries. Nschool Academy is Coimbatore’s premier PHP and Python training facility. As trainers, we have industry experts with more than ten years of experience in the PHP and Python sectors. On the other hand, PHP is more structured, has a more ordered syntax, and is suitable for developing web applications. Developers can pick which one to employ based on their use cases.
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